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Vardhamana Mahaveer Swami: Spiritual Teachings and Biography of Swamiji

Vardhamana Mahavir Swami's life story covering Education, teachings, and Moksha

Mahaveer Swami is also known as Vardhamana and was the 24th and last Tirthankara of Jainism. In the 6th century BCE, he was born as a prince Vardhamana to King Siddhartha and Queen Trishala in a royal family of Kshatriyakund, Vaishali (modern-day Bihar). His family was a lay devotee of 23rd Tirthankara Parshvanatha.

Lord Mahavir’s birthday falls on in Chaitra month (Mah) of the 13th day of the rising moon in the Vira Nirvana Samvat. Lord Mahavir was married to Devi Yashoda and had a daughter Priyadarshana. At the early age of 30, he left his worldly possessions, home, clothes to live an ascetic life and became a monk.

Also Read: Sanatana Dharma way to eternal soul, the significance behind beliefs

Monk Life of Mahaveer Swami: 

Lord Mahavir spent 12 years in deep silence and meditated under the Ashoka tree to attain control over his desires and feelings. It is believed that the Tirthankara’s were human beings only but, through their state of perfection, that is acquired by the intense meditation and self-fulfilment, they become a pure soul.


He spends the crucial years of his ascetic life at Astikagrama, Prstichampa, Vaishali, Champapuri Vanijagrama, Nalanda, Mithila, Bhadrika, Alabhika, Panitabhumi, Pawapuri, Shravasti (during the monsoon days), and Rajagriha (during the rainy days).

He was known for attracting people irrespective of their status like wealthy, poor, king, men, and women, touchable and untouchable. He recognizes every person in this world as equal as all belongs to a pure soul. 

Through his teachings, he inspired many rulers from different kingdoms like King Chetaka of Vaishali, King Bimbisar, King Ajatshatru, the nine kings of Kashi and Licchavis, and many more were in a queue.

According to the Jain Uttar Purana and Harivamsa Purana, after 12 years of continuous meditation, he achieved his Kevala Jnana (omniscience) that he attained infinite knowledge at the age of 43 under Sala tree on the bank of River Rijubalika near Jrimbhikagrama.

  • Tirthankara: Tirthankara are those who established the four-fold order of the Jainism religion that is Monk (sadhu), layman (shravak), laywoman (shravika), and the nun (sadhvi).
  • Arihant: Arihant’s are established as a destroyer of his or her inner enemies like anger, desires, passion, etc. 
  • Jina: The followers of the Jinas are popularly known as the Jains. The jinas conquer the inner enemies of the Human-like anger, passion, excitement, etc.  

Also Read: Adi Guru Shankaracharya: The spirit towards spirituality

Teachings of Mahaveer Swami:

The introduction of the Jain Sangha and reordering the religion was being done by Lord Mahavir. Lord Mahavir was committed to five vows and propagated the message of the following:

  • Ahimsa (Non-Violence): No harm to any human being on the earth.
  • Satya (truthfulness): To always speak the truth in any circumstances must be harmless.
  • Asteya (Non-Stealing): Not to take anything not meant to be given to anyone properly with consent.
  • Chastity (Brahmacharya): not to indulge in any sensual pleasure.
  • Aparigraha (Non- possession): to become completely detached from the people, places, and any kind of relationship and to have oneness among all.

Lord Mahavir’s view about the human body is recognized as the adobe of the soul, not by the limbs or structure of the body. He recognized human beings as spiritual souls.

  1. Perfect Perception (Anant-Darshana)
  2. Perfect Knowledge (Anant-Jnana)
  3. Perfect Power (Anant-Virya)
  4. Perfect Bliss (Anant-Sukha)

Lord Mahavir was known for attracting people irrespective of their statuses like wealthy, poor, king, men, and women, touchable and untouchable towards the practice of Jainism. He recognizes every person in this world as equal as all belongs to a pure soul. 


Lord Mahavir was well known for describing the worship of God as salvation and denounced the worship of God. He was majorly focused on the idea of the supremacy of the human and stressed the importance of the positive and spiritual attitude.

Also Read: Mentions & Status of Transgenders in Sanatana Dharma and Vedic Era

Moksha of Mahaveer Swami:

The significance of Diwali in Jainism is very superior as on the same day Lord Mahavir attained his Moksha at the age of 72 in Pavapuri. Lord Mahavir said that his death must be treated as a moment of happiness as he is liberated from the cycle of life. Diwali is also treated as a year ending for Jainism.  

“Arihant ki boli, siddhon ka saar, Achaaryon ka path, sadhuon ka saath aur Ahimsa ka prachar”.                   By: Mahaveer Swami


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