Black Fungus (Mucormycosis) is a serious but rare fungal infection that develops blackish molds. This concerned fungal infection develops by the group of molds that are present in the environment called as Mucormycetes. These days, this fungus found linked with Covid-19 infected patients and mainly affect those people who have weak immunity and germ-fighting ability due to the fatal disease to fight the environmental pathogens.
Black Fungus was firstly recognized in the first wave of the Pandemic. Nowadays, Black Fungus became a severe problem for those who have recently been diagnosed with the Covid-19 and had any type of co-morbidities like Diabetes. The ICMR in their guidelines over the Black Fungus warned the Covid-19 patients with severe Diabetes who have taken steroids during the treatment. The guidelines were issued just after the wake of the Worrisome rise in the cases of Black Fungus.
According to the Health experts, the fungus is a matter of concern for those who are suffering from diabetes or any kind of immuno-suppressed individual after diagnosed with the Covid-19.
The patients must consult a Doctor or hospital whenever they experience nasal discharge (Blackish/Bloody), congestion, local pain on the chest, one side facial pain or swelling or numbness, toothache or loosening of teeth and jaw, blurred vision with pain, fever, skin lesion, thrombosis, necrosis (eschar), hemoptysis, pleural effusion and worsening in the respiratory condition.
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Condition of India:
Generally speaking, this infection is majorly found in those patients who are diagnosed with the Covid-19 and it is said to be very critical for diabetic patients as the results are not that much suitable as it shows cases of permanent blindness or even cause the death of the patient. During the Second wave of the pandemic, majority of cases of this new infection found in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Delhi, and Telangana. It has also been evaluated that these states have faced a serious emergency situation during the second wave, thus the frequency of Black Fungus were high.
Therefore, the rise of Black Fungus infection was figured during the second wave of the pandemic. The health experts identified it as a matter of concern and guided the public to beware if having any co-morbidities and weak immunity. Here, the people need to take care of themselves and need to follow the ICMR guidelines and instructions of the government to tackle the pandemic and new infection collectively.