India is hosting the 18th G20 summit in New Delhi on September 9-10, 2023, under the theme of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam — One Earth, One Family, One Future’.
This is a historic opportunity for India to showcase its leadership and vision on the global stage, as well as to advance its interests and priorities in various domains.
The G20 is a forum of the world’s 19 major economies and the European Union, representing about 85% of the global GDP, 75% of the global trade, and 66% of the global population.
The G20 summit is an annual event where the leaders of these countries meet to discuss and coordinate policies on key issues such as economic growth, trade, climate change, health, development, and security.
India has been a member of the G20 since its inception in 1999, and has played an active and constructive role in shaping the agenda and outcomes of the group.
India has also hosted several G20 ministerial and working group meetings in the past, but this is the first time that it is hosting the summit at the highest level.
Hosting the G20 summit gives India a unique opportunity to highlight its achievements and challenges as a large and diverse democracy, a fast-growing and resilient economy, a responsible and influential global actor, and a leader in innovation and technology.
India can also use this platform to promote its vision of a multipolar and inclusive world order, based on respect for sovereignty, diversity, and multilateralism.
Some of the key areas where India can make a significant contribution to the G20 summit are:
- Economic recovery and resilience: India can share its experience and best practices in dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on the economy and society. India can also advocate for a balanced and sustainable recovery that addresses the needs of both developed and developing countries, as well as the vulnerable sections of the population. India can also push for greater cooperation and coordination among the G20 members on fiscal, monetary, trade, and investment policies to support growth and stability.
- Climate change and environment: India can showcase its ambitious and proactive actions to combat climate change and protect the environment, such as its renewable energy targets, green hydrogen mission, electric mobility initiatives, forest conservation efforts, and international partnerships like the International Solar Alliance (ISA) and the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) . India can also urge the G20 members to fulfill their commitments under the Paris Agreement and provide adequate financial and technological support to developing countries for their climate actions.
- Health and development: India can highlight its role as a global health provider and partner, especially in terms of supplying affordable and accessible vaccines, medicines, and medical equipment to various countries during the pandemic. India can also emphasize the need for strengthening the global health governance system, ensuring equitable access to health resources, enhancing pandemic preparedness and response capacities, and investing in universal health coverage and social protection. India can also champion the cause of development cooperation among the G20 members, especially in terms of supporting the Sustainable Development Goals , enhancing infrastructure financing , promoting digital inclusion , and addressing gender inequality .
- Security and stability: India can demonstrate its commitment and contribution to maintaining peace and security in the region and beyond, by addressing various challenges such as terrorism , cyber threats , maritime security , nuclear proliferation , and regional conflicts . India can also seek greater collaboration among the G20 members on these issues, as well as on enhancing defense cooperation , reforming multilateral institutions , upholding international law ,and respecting human rights .
The G20 summit 2023 is a golden opportunity for India to shine on the world stage. By hosting a successful summit that reflects its theme of ‘One Earth, One Family, One Future’, India can not only enhance its own image and influence but also contribute to shaping a better future for humanity.