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Friday, June 21, 2024

US: Justices might allow new abortion limits, may toss Roe

In the biggest challenge to abortion rights in decades, the Supreme Court's conservative majority signaled they would allow states to ban abortion much earlier in pregnancy

In a major crisis over abortion rights for decades, the Supreme Court on Wednesday signed a petition that would allow states to prevent abortions early in pregnancy and could overturn a nationwide right that has existed for nearly 50 years.

As hundreds of outside protesters chanted slogans and debates, judges led debates that could determine the outcome of the 1973 historic court decision Roe v. He even authorized abortions throughout the United States and its 1992 decision in Planned Parenthood v. Casey, who confirmed Roe.

The result will probably not be known until next June. But after nearly two hours of debate, all six judges, including three former President Donald Trump’s nominees, have stated they will respect Mississippi’s law banning abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy.

At the very least, such a decision would undermine Roe and Casey, who allow states to control but not prevent abortions until the fetus is able to function, at least 24 weeks.

And there was overwhelming support from successive judges for removing Roe and Casey altogether. Justice Clarence Thomas was the only member of the court to call for the dismissal of two cases.

Justice Brett Kavanaugh, Trump’s nominee, asked if the court would be better off if it abolished abortions and allowed states to decide.

Why should this court be a mediator rather than Congress, state legislatures, provincial high courts, people can solve this? “Kavanaugh asked. And there will be different answers in Mississippi and New York, different answers in Alabama than in California.

Abortion will soon be illegal or have serious restrictions on almost every province if Roe and Casey are dissolved, according to the Guttmacher Institute, a research organization that supports abortion rights. Legislatures in most of the Republic-led provinces are ready to take action in accordance with a Supreme Court decision. The U.S. Supreme Court of Appeal on Wednesday issued a previous ruling banning Tennessee law, which included abortions for abortion when fetal heartbeat was detained for about six weeks and ordered a retrial.

People of color and neutrality will be adversely affected, say abortion advocates.

Three judges in the court ruled that the retrial of Roe and Casey would be damaging to the court’s legitimacy.

“Will this institution survive the stench created by the public that the Constitution and its teachings are merely political acts?” asked Judge Sonia Sotomayor.

In the unusually strong words of the high court debate, Justice Stephen Breyer warned his colleagues that they should be sure before they cancel the abortion decisions.

Voting for public opinion shows support for Roe’s retention, although some polls find support for large abortion restrictions.

Among the Conservatives, Chief Justice John Roberts appeared to be keenly interested in the lesser-known decision that would support the Mississippi law but not explicitly overturn Roe and Casey.

That may be what they are asking for, but the problem is before us today for 15 weeks, said Roberts, referring to Mississippi’s call to dismiss more cases than to support its law.

More than 90% of abortions are performed in the first 13 weeks of pregnancy, prior to labor, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

About 100 patients a year have abortions every 15 weeks at the Jackson Women’s Health Organization, the only Mississippi abortion clinic. The center does not offer abortions after 16 weeks.

Even lifting a 15-week ban could mean rejecting the life line for decades. Proponents of her case have been working to make the actual transcript of this statement available online.

Justice Neil Gorsuch, another Trump nominee, suggested that the lack of a solid road could be a reason to destroy Joe and Casey altogether.

He emphasized that if 15 weeks were upheld, we would have almost 12 and 10 and 8 and 6 cases, so my question is, is there a line that the government believes will be followed or not, Gorsuch asked the General Sector. Elizabeth Prelogar, Biden’s administrative attorney who supports the Mississippi clinic.

I don’t think any line can have more principles to work with, says Prelogar.

Fans of both sides at the abortion conference lined the street in front of the court, their rallies circulating even inside the building. The contradictory signs were read by emotions such as His Body of Choice and God Hates Innocent Bloodshed. The court has tightened security measures, including blocking roads around the building.

Perhaps seeing the complexity of the matter before them, the judges took ten hours off the bench without smiling or sometimes joking jokes.

The case is being re-assigned to another court, with 6-3 votes being overturned by judges named Trump Gorsuch, Kavanaugh and Amy Coney Barrett.

Last month, judges again heard disputes over a Texas alternatively designed law that successfully circumvented Roe and Casey’s decisions and banned abortions in the country’s second-largest abortion after about six weeks pregnant. The legal dispute over Texas law is over whether it can be challenged in a state court, rather than the right to an abortion.

The court has not yet ruled on Texas law, and judges have refused to suspend it while the case is being reviewed by law.

The Mississippi case puts questions in the middle of the right abortion. State Attorney General Scott Stewart said Roe and Casey are a threat to our country and have no basis in the Constitution.

He compared those decisions to Plessy v. Ferguson, a notorious Supreme Court decision since 1896 that pardoned legal separation before the dismissal of Brown v. Board of Education 58 years later.

We are working on 50 years of Roe. It is a very wrong decision that has caused great damage to our country and we will continue to do so and kill more people unless this court overturns it, he said.

The Mississippi Clinic argued that the two cases were properly settled and relied on by women and their partners for nearly a century, a point made by Justice Elena Kagan.

Abortion decisions are part of the way women live in this country, she said.

Barrett raised the issue of women’s reliance on abortion decisions from another point of view. He pointed out that so-called safethed laws in all 50 states that allow mothers to relinquish parental rights mean that women will not be forced to become mothers, which could reduce employment and other opportunities.

Why don’t security rules solve the problem? ” he asked.

Barrett, who has a long history of opposing abortions, acknowledged that the court still has to deal with compulsory abortions.

He described such pregnancies as violations of the immune system, you know, we have in some cases, like vaccines. “

In its previous rulings, the court abolished the right to abort in section 14th Amendment stating that states could not deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without the proper legal process.

Same-sex marriage and other rights, based on the same principle but also not explicitly stated in the Constitution, may be threatened if Roe and Casey fall, the authorities argue.

Abortion disputes often led to people camping in front of the court for days hoping to snatch a few public seats. But as the court closed due to COVID-19, there was a small audience of journalists, legal clerks and a number of lawyers inside the court.

If the court rules in late June it will be almost four months before next year’s congressional elections, which could be a cry during the campaign.

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